Parkinson’s disease was first clinically diagnosed in 1817 by James Parkinson. The usual times that the disease occurs are when someone is between 60-80 years old. It generally effects the elders and the chances of getting the disease goes up every year.
The most important symptoms are these:
- Shaking in the hands or feet
- Slowness in movement
- Rigidity of muscles
- Posture and walking disorders
The facial expressions also go down so the face can look like it is a mask made of skin. It spreads slowly and sneakily. At first the patients can walk with short and abruptly like they have a hurry but to start/change the action challenges them. The swinging of the arms while walking becomes less until it goes away. They talk monotone and with a low voice. In time they feel swallowing things is really hard, their intelligence goes down, eating disorders appear, they go through weight loss, feel sick, and signs of depression start to appear.
After the illness is diagnosed they should start to take medication. In the last years there have been some remedies to be found that made the lives of the ill people tremendously easier and boosted their life span in a way that people thought it was impossible for this illness back then. However, the medication treatment requires some brilliant neurology experts to work on the illness and start it because medication is not enough for the patient to get better. They have to go through an extremely large ranged Physical Treatment and Rehabilitation program. The purpose for this treatment is to lower the limitations that come with the illness, make to daily life easier for the patient and to prevent unwanted complications from occurring. All the programmes are prepared differently from each other due to the illness being different for all the patients.
In the rehabilitation sessions these things should be taken into consideration:
- Improving the joint movements
- Removing the balance and the walking problems
- Lowering the rigidity/shaking in the hands or the feet
- Improving the daily life activities
- Fixing the talking disorder
- Improving the general coordination
The rehabilitation program should be prepared along these purposes. The program can include relaxation exercises, joint movement increasing exercises, aerobic exercises, breathing exercises, empowering exercises, balance and coordination exercises, work and spending effort therapies, and dancing for the patient’s own needs and properties.
In the exercise room besides from what the physiotherapists make the patients do there are also balance, walking and coordination educations that take place. A straight posture, walking in a right way, sitting down and getting up, safely falling, and getting up from the ground are some purposes for the physical therapy. Education about being involved in something is given with daily life tips and tricks. In this education stage not only the walking robots make it easy to understand things but also it makes the patient’s improvement visible. And after all these treatments there are remarkable changes in the person’s life. How effective can the patient do balance activities, having a bath, using the restroom, self-caring, and household activities should be kept track of. In the cases which the patient cannot walk without any help a stick with some wheels would help. There are additional massage and stretching activities to lower the rigidity of the muscles and the joints.
It is very important to keep track of the patient in certain times and the patient to do the activities in the decided frequency. Removing the slippery carpets, sticking holding bars to pretty much everywhere needed and doing anything to prevent falls are things that have undeniable significance. The periodical check-ups, and the patient to do the things that are told by the medical expert shouldn’t be disrupted. With the specialized rehabilitation programs, the big aim is to make the Parkinson’s patient to live as independent, safe and in a good quality as they can.